Ecuador Travel Tips
A-Z Ecuador Travel Tips
Our Ecuador travel tips prepare you for your tour to Ecuador and the Galapagos. They are in alphabetical order to make it easier to find the information you are looking for. We hope you find answers to any questions you might have. Feel free to contact us if you need more information or have more specific questions.
Altitude/ Altitude Sickness
Quito lies at 2850 meters/ 9350 feet. You should take it easy at the beginning, until your body gets used to the altitude. For climbing Ecuador’s mountains you will need some preparation. If you suffer from a light headache, feel tired and breathe heavily after you have arrived in Quito, you are feeling the lack of acclimatization. It is recommended that you drink a lot of water (no alcohol!) and don’t smoke. Coca tea (mate de coca) is also recommended. Stronger symptoms are lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sleep disorders and swelling of feet, arms and face. If you get very strong headaches you can inhale oxygen.
What are the best books to read to prepare for your Ecuador trip? We listed our favorite books about Ecuador on this page. From guide books to novels set in Ecuador! Have a look at our list with books about Ecuador and dive right into Ecuadorian travel tips, history, nature, culture and language.
Because of Ecuador’s location on the equator, there are no big seasonal temperature variations throughout the year. The seasons here are the dry and the rainy season. However, there is a big difference in temperature and climate within the country, according to the altitude, and also during one day the temperature can vary a lot.
Especially here there is a big variation in temperature during the day. After a sunny morning the temperature rises until midday, before (especially between November and May) there are some heavy rain showers in the afternoon. During the day the temperature can be around 26 °C/ 79 °F, at night it cools down to about 10 °C/ 50 °F.
In the jungle it is hot and humid, with some heavy rainfall, usually in the afternoon. The wettest months are usually from May to July, with August and September being the driest months. However, the global climate change can also be noticed in Ecuador, so you cannot rely on this.
The South of Ecuador’s Pacific coast is dry and hot, while the hinterland and the North are humid and hot. The coast’s wet season is from December till May and the dry season from June to November. However, the rainy season is the better time for a nice beach vacation, as after the morning’s rain the sun usually comes out, whereas during the dry season the sky is often overcast and the water a bit cooler.
The best time for whale watching is between June and September when the humpback whales come north from Antarctica to mate and rear their offspring in the warmer waters.
There are two seasons on Galapagos, influenced by two currents. In the first half of the year it is mainly sunny and the water has a temperature of about 23 °C/ 73 °F, but there may be some heavy tropical rain showers. The second half of the year is dry, but, just like on the continental cost, the sky is often overcast and the water is cooler.
You are traveling to a country where you will get to know a culture that is probably very different from your own culture. People, standards of living, modes of interaction and perception of time might take some getting used to at first. But if you approach the foreign culture with an open mind you will be rewarded with an incomparable travel experience.
Please note that it is strictly prohibited to export pre-Columbian relicts and souvenirs made from black coral. It is also not allowed to export fruits and vegetables.
Food and Drink
The Ecuadorian cuisine is varied and tasty. From the most simple almuerzo (cheap set meal for lunch) to the creative gourmet dishes of the modern fusion cuisine. Typical elements are rice, potatoes, plantains, beans, corn, yucca (manioc, a root similar to potato) served with meat or fish. Local specialties sometimes take a bit getting used to – like the cuy (guinea pig) in the Andes or the grilled chontacurros (grubs) in the jungle.
The dishes per se are not spicy, that’s what the omnipresent ají is for, a hot chili sauce.
A special highlight are the many delicious fruits, some of them can only be found in Ecuador. Most of them are used to prepare fresh juices or milkshakes (batidos). Try for example naranjilla, tree tomato, babaco and many more. Read more about them in our blog post about Ecuadorian fruits.
Some tips to prevent travelers’ diarrhea and other problems:
- Be careful with food sold by street vendors. Especially at the beginning of your trip it is the best to be careful and eat in restaurants.
- Also be careful with salads and raw fruits and vegetables that have only been washed with tap water.
- You should only drink tap water that has been boiled. For brushing your teeth it might be better to use bottled water.
- Cooked food and fruits which are peeled are in any case preferable.
These are Ecuador’s national holidays:
New Year (January 1st), Good Friday, International Workers’ Day (May 1st), Battle of Pichincha (May 24th), First Call for Independence (August 10th), Guayaquil’s Independence (October 9th), All Saints’ Day and Cuenca’s Independence (November 2nd and 3rd), Christmas (December 25th).
Sometimes holidays are postponed in order to create a long weekend, and sometimes holidays are added.
Ecuador’s official language is Spanish. Kichwa (Quicha), which is spoken by about 2 million indigenous people, is the second official language. There are a total of 23 different languages spoken in Ecuador.
In higher class hotels, at the airport and in popular tourism spots you will be able to communicate in English.
With some basic Spanish knowledge you will have the possibility to directly communicate with the locals, gaining a direct insight into life in Ecuador.
For getting your clothes washed during your trip, most hotels offer laundry service. In most towns you will also find inexpensive laundries where you can have your clothes washed, dried, and folded.
The official currency is the US-Dollar. You can exchange foreign currencies in banks and exchange offices in the big cities. It is usually difficult to pay with bills in large denominations (anything over $20).
You can get cash in Ecuador with your credit card from the ATMs which you will find in all the bigger towns (best during the bank’s opening hours). Small towns usually don’t have ATMs, be sure to carry enough cash with you.
If you pay using your credit card, you may be charged extra (about 5 %).
In some banks you can exchange travelers’ checks, presenting your passport, but this is not very common.
In cases of emergency you will find many Western Union offices in Ecuador, which allow you to receive money sent from any country in the world within minutes.
In some areas of the jungle there is a very small risk of Malaria. On the coast, there is a small risk of Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya. In general we recommend you use an insect repellent that contains DEET when you are on the coast or in the Amazon. This also helps to keep away the tiny black sandflies, whose bites itch more than the bigger mosquitos’. Our Ecuador travel tips are just recommendations, for specific medical information please consult a doctor.
Most shops open Monday to Friday from 9 am to 6 pm, often closing for lunch break. Malls are open until 8 pm, also on Saturday and Sunday.
Banks work from 9 am till 4 pm, branches within malls open on weekends in the morning.
On holidays stores and banks stay closed, sometimes also museums and other sights, which might lead to alterations in the program.
Ecuador’s international code is +593.
Ecuadorian phone numbers include the province’s area code and seven digits. When calling internationally, leave out the first 0.
Pichincha, Quito: 02
Bolívar, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo, Tungurahua: 03
Guayas, Guayaquil: 04
Galápagos, Los Ríos, Manabí: 05
Carchi, Esmeraldas, Imbabura, Napo, Sucumbios: 06
Azuay, Cañar, El Oro, Loja, Morona, Zamora: 07
Cell phone numbers start with 09 plus eight digits. In September 2012 the 9 was added. If you find an old nine-digit cell phone number, just add the 9.
International codes from Ecuador:
Central emergency number: 911
If you are in Ecuador for a longer period of time you might consider buying an Ecuadorian SIM card. The two big phone companies are Movistar and Claro. The price per minute for a national call is about 20 cents, international calls are about 60 to 80 cents, depending on the country.
You will need your passport to buy a SIM card.
Generally speaking, Ecuador is a secure country. Still, as a visitor you should take some precautions:
- Don’t go hiking on your own, but in groups of two or more people
- Leave your passport and credit card in the hotel safe. Take a color copy of your passport with you (also of the page with the immigration stamp or visa). While traveling, carry your passport, credit card and other important documents on your body.
- Don’t carry big amounts of cash with you
- On day trips and excursions only bring what is necessary
- Don’t leave your purse and luggage out of sight
- Don’t trust a stranger with your luggage
- If traveling on public buses, always keep an eye on your hand luggage (neither in the overhead compartment nor on the floor)
- After dark it’s best to take a cab
We recommend you bring sufficient memory cards with you. In internet cafes you can burn your pictures on CD or save them online, for example on Dropbox (http://www.dropbox.com).
Before taking a person’s picture you should ask them for permission, sometimes they will ask for a small tip.
Continental Ecuador: UTC – 5
Galapagos: UTC – 6
(no daylight saving time)
In better restaurants it is customary to give about 5-10 %.
Tipping for service providers like guides and drivers is at your discretion. A rough guideline can be $5 per day per person, but it’s up to you. Tipping on Galapagos tours is usually a bit higher.
Like the Ecuador travel tips, this list is just a rough recommendation based on our own and our former clients’ experiences
– Passport and copy
– Plane ticket and copy (We recommend you also scan these documents and save them in your email account or in a Cloud. This way you can always access them easily.)
– Driver’s license (if you plan on driving)
– Insurance policies (e.g. health and baggage insurance)
– Emergency phone numbers (insurance company, banks, credit cards, etc.)
– Clothes: depending on where you’re going in Ecuador:
Andes: bring warm clothes but dress in layers, as the days can be hot
Galapagos: clothes for warm weather, but with a rain jacket and a fleece for colder days
Amazon: clothes for warm weather, some thin long-sleeve shirts and long pants against mosquitos
Coast: clothes for warm weather, but something for cooler evenings
– Small day pack
– refillable water bottle (many hotels offer water dispensers)
– good sunglasses
– Sunscreen with a high SPF, also for the lips (at least SPF 50)
– Insect repellent with DEET
– Washbag, personal toiletries, small towel
– First-aid kit with medication you have to take regularly, band-aids, antidiarrheal, painkillers, seasickness medication (just recommendations, please consult with your doctor or pharmacist)
– If needed: travel adapter for 110 V, flat prongs (same as in the US)
– Camera and memory cards
– Waterproof packing for your camera and other electronics
– Good flashlight
– Money belt
– special equipment (according to your tour)
Climbing and Trekking? Here’s what you might need:
• Socks, 1 pair of thick wool or polypropylene (outer socks)
• Socks, 1 pair of thin silk or polypropylene (inner socks)
• Plastic mountaineering double boots
• 1 lightweight polypropylene T-shirt (first layer)
• Fleece jacket
• Breathable windproof outer jacket, such as Gore-Tex, with hood
• Polypropylene or underpants – 1 pair
• Fleece pants
• Breathable windproof pants such as Gore-Tex (full-length side zippers recommended)
• Mittens, thick fleece, 1 pair
• Gloves, polypropylene or Capilene – 1 pair
• Gore-Tex wind shells for mittens- 1 pair
• Baseball cap
• Down or Polarguard sleeping bag, comfortable to –10º Celsius (14° Fahrenheit)
• Large pack (70+ liters)
• Ice axe 70 cm (usually included in tour)
• Crampons, 12 points (usually included in tour)
• Ski poles (optional)
• Climbing harness (usually included in tour)
• Carabiners, 4 regular, 2 locking (usually included in tour)
• 1 Ascender (usually included in tour)
• Head lamp with extra batteries
• Sun glasses
• Sun screen
• Lip protection
• Mole skin, tape, throat lozenges
• Pocket knife
• 2 Water bottles (1 liter each)
• 1 thermos bottle (1 liter capacity)
Do you have more Ecuador travel tips for us? Found information that’s no longer up to date? We would really appreciate a short note. Thank you!
Climbing & MOUNTAINS
How hard it is to climb Cotopaxi?
First off, it totally depends on your physical condition. If you are used to hikes or a sporty/athletic person you definitely are in advantage. Anyhow, the weather plays a big part in the climbing as well. With good weather it is doable but still not easy. The wind can blow very hard and the wind chills can be dangerous. On the top, it possible to face (17,78 °C (0 °F).
How long does it take to climb Cotopaxi?
You should plan with at least 10 hours for the climbing. Firstly, it will take 7-8 hours from the parking lot. Additionally, it will take you 2-3 hours to descend to the top. Most importantly, you need to be acclimated. Especially when you are not used to life or hike in those heights. Therefore, it is suggested to acclimate at least a week in different altitudes. In our Cotopaxi Climbing Tour the acclimatization process is included!
How much does it cost to climb Cotopaxi?
With the SOLEQ.travel Cotopaxi Climbing Tour the price starts at $ 1295, -. The tour will last 8 days and you will acclimate and see more than just the Cotopaxi!
Can I go and climb the Cotopaxi without a guide?
Short answer! No, you are not allowed to climb the Cotopaxi without a guide. It is prohibited by the Ecuadorian Law. And more importantly, it is extremely dangerous to do this climb without a guide. Also mountains like Cayambe, Antisana, Chimborazo requiere a guide as well.
What do I need to know about Cotopaxi?
The Cotopaxi is an active stratovolcano in the Ecuadorian Andes. This volcano is located in the Latacunga canton, which is a part of the Cotopaxi Province. Further, it is the second highest summit in the country of Ecuador which a height of 5,897 meters. The Cotopaxi Province located about 50 km south of Quito.
About the volcano: Cotopaxi has erupted 50 times since 1738. But the most recent eruption of the stratovolcano ended in 1904.
How do I get to Cotopaxi from Quito?
When you decide to book the Cotopaxi Climbing Tour with SOLEQ.travel then we will take care of all the organization and transportation for you.
If you go by public bus just go to the bus terminal in Quitumbe located in the south of Quito. The rate costs about US$ 3. You go until the bridge at the Panamerican-High Way then you need to continue by local taxis, that cost around US$ 15.
What is the weather like in medium or high mountains in the Ecuadorian Andes?
The weather in Ecuador is unpredictable and can easily change in a blink of an eye. Always be prepared for rain and moody trails. Also make sure to have the right gear available at all time. Temperature can vary from 10°C-15°C in medium mountains. For the mountains with higher altitudes the weather can drop below 0°C at night or even during the climb.
What is the best time to climb Cotopaxi?
Generally speaking, there are two climbing seasons in the Ecuadorian Andes. One is between June to August and the other is dated between November to February. Although this doesn’t count for the Cotopaxi Volcano. This mountain you can climb all year around. Cotopaxi creates its own microclimate and has the most number of clear days of all the Ecuadorian mountains.
If you are considering climbing Cotopaxi, you should check out our Cotopaxi Climbing tour!